This exhibition from 2019 combined three different works: Circaseptan, Dream-Lag, and Found Dreams.

How do the events of the day seep into our dreams? Dreams seem to lag behind. Some parts of waking life recur in dreams both immediately after the event and again at an approximately 7-day (circaseptan) delay (Eichenlaub et al., 2018). 7 days of dreams and several dreams per night. What parts of waking life are incorporated into dreams: feelings, phrases, objects? Could there be dream content that has connections to waking life too subtle for us to make the connection? Nielsen and colleagues (2004) argue that this dream-lag is unlikely to be explained by our societal division of weeks into 7 day segments, but is more likely to be based on internal, self-generated rhythms. Circaseptan is an exploration of this curious delay between our waking and dream lives, as well as the layers of other rhythms we are embedded in.


Dream-lag interrogates the recurrence between waking and dreaming. Using found footage of sleep (the outside of a dream) and the same footage deep-dreamed through Alexander Mordvintsev’s deep dream computer vision program (a glimpse into the inside of a digital dream), dreaming and wake visually recombine. The DeepDream program takes a neural network that was trained on classifying images from a large image dataset (e.g., identifying cars or cats) and runs the network in reverse, yielding surreal images over a large number of iterations. In this work, each video frame was deep dreamed and then stitched back together into video.

“The oscillation between these two consciousness states [waking and dreaming] creates a fuzzy attention space in which perceived objects do not exclude or replace one another, but rather co-exist, and a suspension of understanding allows each idea to have the possibility of existence. … And so, since thoughts and ideas become more abstract and less bound to physical objects and actions, they can also be shared more easily between people. This ability for abstraction together has the potential to change reality since reality is more than physical things and their properties, but also what people perceive and what people agree upon.”

 – Social Dreaming: Philosophy, Research, Theory and Practice edited by Susan Long and Julian Manley 

Schematic of Dream-Lag set-up
Dream-Lag and Circaseptan

Found Dreams applies the technique of using found footage to dreams found in dream databases. I invited visitors to listen to dream accounts in a fuzzy attention space, imagining and believing for a moment that every described event happened during wake.